Cummins R2.8 turbodiesel - 2.8 Cummins Specs, Reliability, Problems, Performance

Cummins R2.8 Diesel Engine Guide

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The Cummins R2.8 turbo diesel crate engine is also known as the Repower 2.8. This small inline-4 diesel engine initially hit the markets around 2017. However, it’s not a very well known Cummins engine due to its competition with the legendary 4BT. Still, the R2.8 is a compelling diesel engine with plenty to offer. In this guide, we discuss the Cummins 2.8L turbodiesel including specs, performance, problems, and more. We also compare the R2.8 to the older, popular 4BT diesel.

Cummins R2.8 turbodiesel - 2.8 Cummins Specs, Reliability, Problems, Performance

Available as a Crate Engine

Cummins R2.8 engine are available brand new directly from Cummins at a current price of $8,499. We believe it’s a reasonable price given the 2.8L inline-4 offers a nearly complete package. The crate engine includes everything from the accessory drive to a wiring harness and engine control module. There’s plenty more in between. A cooling package and battery are among the few items missing from the crate engine package.

Point is – unlike many crate engines – this engine offers just about everything you need to get up and running. There’s also a limited 2 year/2600 hour warranty. Check out Cummins site for more info on the warranty and other factors. Anyways, the R2.8 is off to a good start with its nearly complete package and solid price. There’s a lot to discuss with this engine, so let’s jump right in and look at this engine from top to bottom.

*The R2.8 is not emissions compliant for vehicles newer than 1999.

Cummins Repower 2.8 Specs

EngineCummins R2.8Cummins 4BT
Displacement171 cu in (2.8L)239 cu in (3.9L)
Fuel InjectionCommon RailMechanical
Engine BlockCast iron, serviceable linersCast iron
Cylinder HeadCast ironCast iron
Compression16.9 : 117.5 : 1
Bore x Stroke3.7 ” x 3.94″4.02″ x 4.02″
Weight503 lbs782 lbs
Horsepower161hp @ 3,600105hp @ 2,300
Torque (lb-ft)310tq @ 1,800265tq @ 1,600

Looking at the basics, the R2.8 engine is a 2.8L inline-4 turbodiesel engine. It uses direct injection via Bosch high-pressure common-rail fuel injection. The engine is an all cast-iron design – as is the case with many Cummins diesel engines. Cylinder liners are serviceable which makes it rebuild friendly.

Specs for the Cummins 2.8 put the engine at 161 horsepower and 310 lb-ft of torque. Output was originally a bit lower before a new ECM calibration. The PP1 ECM calibrations is available for owners who bought the engine prior to the update. Lastly, the engine weighs in at 503 pounds. It may seem heavy for the size of the engine, however it’s actually light considering the cast-iron design.

R2.8 vs 4BT Engines

There likely isn’t much of a true comparison between the Cummins 4BT and R2.8 diesel engines. Yes, they’re both inline-4 turbodiesel engines from Cummins. Both diesels also use a cast iron block and cylinder head. However, that’s about where the similarities end.

The 3.9L 4BT stems from the original Cummins 5.9 6BT engine. Those familiar with diesels likely understand the 6BT is still hailed as one of the strongest, most legendary diesel engines ever. Its power potential is sky-high and the 6BT is also extremely reliable and nearly bulletproof. Cummins 4BT engines are much like the 6BT simply with two cylinders “chopped off” – for a lack of better words.

Ultimately, 4BT engines are mechanical and deliver excellent reliability and longevity. They also have a lot of aftermarket potential. On the other hand, the Cummins 2.8 uses common rail injection and relies on a lot more technology and electronics. It is as strong as it needs to be for the rated output, but it’s not built to handle the same degree of power and abuse.

All that said, the Cummins 2.8 is still a great engine in its own right. It has a lot to offer given it’s a very complete crate engine. The modest 503 pound weight also makes it a viable option for many different vehicles. Combine that with the strong cast-iron design and the 2.8L turbodiesel is a stout engine, overall.


We touched on power, performance, and aftermarket potential a little bit. Now, we will expand on these topics further. 161 horsepower and 310 lb-ft isn’t going to turn any heads.

However, it’s unlikely you are looking at the Repower 2.8 to tow insane weights. It’s a better swap for things like normal street driving, off-roading, crawling, etc. The 310 lb-ft available at 1,800 RPM is surely enough to deliver exceptional performance. It’s also not tough to squeeze an extra 50-75+ lb-ft out of the engine if needed. A tune and simple bolt-on mods will get the job done. Again, don’t expect crazy numbers from the Cummins R2.8, but a modest increase in power is reasonable.

Of course, fuel economy is hard to pin down. This can depend on many factors like what car or truck you’re swapping it into. Wheels, transmissions, and tons of other factors are at play as well. That said, these engines shouldn’t have any issues delivering 20-25mpg on the highway. You may even see close to 30+mpg on some platforms and builds.

Cummins 2.8 Engine Problems

This is where things may begin to look hairy for the Cummins 2.8 turbodiesel engine. In these next section we discuss a few of the most common issues with the R2.8 inline-4 engine. Normally, we like to list out a few of the most common issues with an engine and dive into them one by one.

It’s a little challenging with the R2.8 turbodiesel, though. Keep in mind – the actual Repower 2.8L crate engine is still a pretty new engine. It hasn’t been around long enough to draw valuable conclusions on Cummins 2.8 reliability or longevity. However, there are some similarities with the ISF 2.8 engine.

ISF Problems

As with the ISF, the R2.8 is built in China. Since 2009, the Cummins 2.8 ISF was licensed and installed in Foton Tunland trucks. The engine has a pretty poor reputation overseas. There are plenty of reports on serious issues like rod and bearing failures, turbo problems, fueling issues, etc.

The complaints from overseas owners are a bit concerning. It’s also an old enough engine to the point reliability and longevity are better known. The more concerning factor is that some severe Cummins ISF problems occur prior to 200,000 kms (about 125,000 miles). Compare that to the legendary reliability and longevity of many Cummins turbodiesel engines and the ISF 2.8L is disappointing at best.

Are the Issues the Same on the R2.8?

Now, back to hopefully some better news. The R2.8 crate engine didn’t come around until about 2017 – an entire 8 years after the release of the ISF 2.8 in Foton Tunland trucks. R2.8 engines are still built in China, but they are assembled in the United States (the ISF was assembled in China).

Anyway, it’s a lot of time for Cummins to have made the necessary adjustments and improvements to the engine. R2.8 engines aren’t an exact replica of the international ISF 2.8 that hit the markets in 2009. Additionally, after much research, we weren’t able to find any major complaints over the crate engine versions. There is nothing to indicate there are any major reliability or longevity concerns.

Cummins 2.8 engines do meet EPA tier 1 emission standards, so they’re only street-legal in any 1999 or older light-duty truck. However, the emissions standards do mean the engine has EGR and DOC. These early standards were much less demanding than they are today, so the EGR and DOC systems shouldn’t be common issues.

Cummins R2.8 Reliability

Is the Cummins R2.8 crate engine reliable? So far, it appears to be a reliable engine. As a side note – sorry for the slightly repetitive nature of this section. The R2.8 is still a bit too new to say with confidence that it’s a reliable engine that will also deliver good longevity. One could base assumptions off the history and data surrounding the ISF 2.8L Cummins engine. However, we’re not a fan of this approach since the engines are not the same.

Ultimately, part of the unknown is something you have to accept if you’re seriously considering a Repower 2.8L turbodiesel. Cummins does have an excellent past building stout, reliable, and long lasting turbodiesel engines. This isn’t their first time around the block, and certainly won’t be their last. One can only hope Cummins made the necessary improvements over the overseas ISF 2.8.

Engine Summary

The Cummins R2.8 crate engine is an interesting engine to discuss for many reasons. Cummins’ crate engine program is still relatively new, and is the first engine in the program. It’s a nearly complete package at a current price of $8,499. That’s a pretty solid deal for a brand new engine from one of the biggest names in the diesel engine space.

With 161hp, 310 lb-ft, and a reasonable weight of 503 pounds it’s a compelling turbodiesel engine option for swaps and repowers. It also uses the durable cast-iron design with serviceable liners. No, the R2.8 likely won’t ever be as potent or reliable as the older 4BT. That’s not necessarily a bad thing nor a dig at the Cummins 2.8, though. It’s still a stout turbodiesel that does what its meant to do.

Reliability may be a concern for potential owners. The ISF 2.8L engine never had a great reputation, but it’s also not a fair comparison to the newer, American assembled R2.8. So far there haven’t been any major problems with these engines so we would consider them to be quite reliable.

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  1. I am hoping to use Cummins R2.8 on a JK for a Body Swap. I am impressed with the package that is offered from Cummins. The 4Bt was to me hard to start in cold weather I hope the High Pressure fuel System will help that issue.

  2. Howdy I’m considering bout putting the 2.8r in my 66 ford F-100 an use the truck for a motorcycle tow an recovery unit with a hydraulic bike winch an mount. Will I have any problems having up to a 1,000lbs bagger in the bed of the truck?

  3. I have 30,000 miles on my R2.8 in a 60-series Land Cruiser. I have had no issues with the engine. It was professionally installed and gets lots of air for cooling. I keep an eye on temps – it will run hot if I push it on hills in the summer. No leaks, no repairs – just oils changes so far.

    1. Thanks Casey for information. I have a 1988 Fj62 that I am considering an engine swap in. I’ve heard so many negative reviews that has been steering me to a LS swap.
      What transmission setup are you running if you don’t mind me asking? I’m considering the H55 for mine.
      Who did you use for your conversion?
      Kind regards,
      ~Adam S.
      Ellensburg, WA

  4. hello my only concern after reading all this is that it is manufactured in china and for some reason all the I S X heavy truck engines made in china are just not reliable

  5. I can read in this article that it is approved for light trucks. I would be interested in using it in an older auto… as a daily driver. Is this engine package approved for pre-1999 autos, as well?

  6. So what transmission would be a good mate with r2.8 in a 2006 jeep LJ for doing long trips to the coast for fuel mileage. Towing 16 ft fishing boat or 16 foot airstream. A lot of times towing nothing.
    Don’t mind losing some mpg mileage when towing but everyday driving I would like to get as high mpg mileage as possible.

  7. Thought of putting one in my 94 4×4 Ranger. Trying to figure out what transmission or adapters is need.

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